Landscape Painting: Contents


Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: The Special Challenges of Landscape

Simplification and Massing
Selection and Composition
Light and Color

CHAPTER 2: Materials

The Limited Color Palette
Mapping pigments to the spectrum
Transparent, Semitransparent and Opaque Pigments
Addtional Colors
Choosing Your Medium
Painting Mediums and Solvents
Painting Surfaces
Palettes and Easels
Additional supplies

CHAPTER 3: The Outdoor and Indoor Studios

Plein Air: Beginning at the source
The plein air tradition
Slow and steady wins the race
Plein Air Practical
Travel Light and Work Small
Reworking Plein Air Paintings
Plein Air Checklist: Forget Me Not!
Establishing a Consistent Light on Your Palette and Canvas
In the Studio: Deepening Exploration
The Perceptual and Physical Effects of Scale
Studio Practical
Studio Lighting
Managing Paint in the Studio
Color temperature

CHAPTER 4: Value Relationships

Value Before Color
Limited Values, Unlimited Possibilities
The Art of Comparison
Value Scales
Value Divisions in Landscape
Value Zones
Variations in Local Color

CHAPTER 5: Simplification and Massing

Less is More: Finding Order Through Simplicity
Planes: A Key to Massing
Exercises: Interpreting Shape and Mass
Exercise 1: Line Drawing
Exercise 2: Four-value painting
Exercise 3: Two-Value Painting or Drawing
Demonstration: Tree Massing in Three Steps

CHAPTER 6: Site Selection

Spatial Cues
Patterns of Light and Shade
Overlap (Interposition) and Scale
Foreground, Middle Ground and Background
Linear perspective
Perspective and Dimension in the Sky
Subjects with diminished cues
Organizing Space with Flat Shapes
Problem subjects
Site Selection Checklist

CHAPTER 7: Composition

Approaching Compostion
Composition Through the Picture Window
Limited Focus Through Selection
The Viewfinder
The Flexible Picture Window
Compositional Considerations
Divisions of the Picture Plane
Movement and Rhythm
Unity and Integration
Relating to the Edge
The Foreground Challenge
Compositional Analysis
Russell Chatham
John McCormick
Christopher Martin Hoff

CHAPTER 8: Color

Real Light vs. Painter’s Light: The Limitations of Paint
The Use of Color Strategies
The Color Wheel
Describing Color with Hue, Temperature, Value, and Intensity
Local Color vs. Perceived Color
Color Temperature
Complementary Colors and Neutrals
Color Mixes for Light and Shade
The Challenge of Green
The Spatial Properties of Color
How Value Affects Color Identity
Value-Priority and Color-Priority Systems
Harmony, Unification and the “Envelope of Light”
Analogous harmony
The Effect of Reduced Tonal Range on Atmosphere
The Harmony of Neutrals
Atmospheric perspective
Naturalistic and Expressive Color

CHAPTER 9: The Life of a Painting from Start to Finish

Stage 1: Preparatory Work
From the General to the Specific
Thumbnails and studies
Stage 2: Underpainting
Complexity, Drying Time, and Paint Consistency
Selecting a Color for the Underpainting
Demonstration: Underpainting in Oil
Stage 3: Development
First strokes – A Holistic Approach to Paint Application
Working Wet-into-Wet
Color Mixing
Paint Handling: The Poetry of Substance
Demonstration: Studio Painting
Demonstration: Plein Air Painting

CHAPTER 10: Working from Photographs

Using Photographs like an artist
Shoot Your own Photographs
Photographic Reference Do’s and Don’ts
Exploring Options Through Digital Effects
Lighten photographic values with the Shadow/Highligh filter
Simplify shapes with “Artistic”filters
Limit values and reveal value zones with Posterization
Find the underlying abstract value pattern Threshold filter

CHAPTER 11: Abstracting Nature

What is Abstraction?
Flat and ambiguous space
Know Your Reality Before You Detach From It
Inducing abstraction

CHAPTER 12: Style, Inspiration, Style, and Lifelong Learning

Subject and Vision
Style Through Brushwork
Style through interpretation of form
Staying Motivated and Inspired
Negotiating Inspiration
Dealing with Frustration
Self-Evaluation and Lifelong Learning